Adele Katz Goldstine was a computer programmer and a mathematics teacher. She wrote one of the earliest computer programs for the machine that is known as the first electronic digital computer, the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer), built at the Moore School of Electrical Engineering at University of Pennsylvania from 1943-46.
During WWII, the Moore School, funded by the US Army, engaged a group of 80 women called “computers” who manually calculated ballistic trajectories using complex differential calculations. Goldstine taught many of these women.
In 1945, Moore initiated an experimental project, to develop the first electronic digital computer and six of the 80 women– Kathleen McNulty Antonelli, Jean Jennings Bartik, Frances “Betty” Holberton, Marlyn Wescoff Meltzer, Frances V. Bilas Spence and Ruth Lichterman Teitelbaum–were selected to be the first programmers. Goldstine recruited these six women and is credited with teaching them how to program.